Category Archives: 113th Congress

An Update on the Presidential Square Wave

Below we plot the first dimension DW-NOMINATE Common Space scores of the presidents in the post-war period, which we refer to as the “presidential square wave” due to its shape. An ideological score is estimated for each president throughout the … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress, Contemporary American Politics, Political Polarization | Leave a comment

House and Senate Polarization 1879 – 2014

Below we show the polarization of the Political Parties for the 1879 through 2014 period (46th to 113th Congresses). Polarization is measured by the distance between the means of the Democrat and Republican Parties on the first (Liberal vs. Conservative) … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress, Political Polarization | Leave a comment

House: Vote on $1.1 Trillion Spending Bill (the “Cromnibus”)

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the House’s 219-206 vote on a $1.1 trillion spending package (the so-called Cromnibus). The vote split both party caucuses, with House Republicans voting 162-67 in favor of the bill and … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

The House and Senate Votes on the Keystone XL Pipeline

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the House’s 252-161 vote and the Senate’s 59-41 vote on approving the Keystone XL pipeline. The Senate fell one vote short of approving the measure, which was designed in part … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

The House and Senate Votes to Approve Obama’s Request to Arm and Train Syrian Rebels

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the House’s 273-156 vote and the Senate’s 78-22 vote to approve President Obama’s request to arm and train Syrian rebels. As seen below, both votes split the parties, with 85 … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

Evidence of Assymetric Polarization in Congress with Common Space Scores

There is little question that the parties in Congress have moved ideologically further apart over recent decades. But has polarization been symmetric (with both parties moving away from the center at roughly equal rates), or has it been assymetric (driven … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

The Senate Vote to Invoke Cloture on the Campaign Finance Amendment and the House Vote to Condemn the Taliban Prisoner Swap

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the Senate’s 79-18 vote to end debate on a constitutional amendment to protect campaign finance regulations and the House’s 249-163 vote on a resolution condemning the Obama administration for not … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

House: Two Immigration Votes

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the House’s two recent votes on immigration: its 223-189 vote on a$694 million appropriations bill to enact new security measures along the U.S.-Mexico border and its 216-192 vote to end … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment

How Conservative is Eric Cantor?

Tonight comes the surprising news of House Majority Leader Eric Cantor’s (R-VA) primary upset by a Tea Party challenger. Just how conservative (or not) is Rep. Cantor? Using DW-NOMINATE Common Space scores (which measure the ideological positions of Members of … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress, Contemporary American Politics | Leave a comment

House: Vote to Prohibit Funds for DEA Raids on State-Legalized Medical Marijuana

Below we use Optimal Classification (OC) in R to plot the House’s 219-189 vote to prohibit funds for DEA raids on medical marijuana operations in states that have legalized it. Contrary to the narrative that it was mostly moderate Republicans … Continue reading

Posted in 113th Congress | Leave a comment