Clausen, Peltzman, and Issue codes for 1st to 113th Congresses
July 27, 2020
Government Management: Environmental control; government regulation of business; natural resource management; government ownership of business; government control of the economy; budget balancing; tax policy; interest rates; management of the bureaucracy; etc.
Social Welfare: Social security; public housing; urban renewal; labor regulation; education; urban affairs; employment opportunities and rewards; welfare; medicare; unemployment; minimum wage; legal services; immigration, etc.
Agriculture: Price supports and subsidies; commodity control; acreage limitations; etc.
Civil Liberties: Civil rights; equality; criminal procedure; privacy; guarantees of the Bill of Rights; slavery; Hatch Act; etc.
Foreign and Defense Policy: International policy; foreign aid; aid to international organizations; armament policy; defense procurement; international trade; military pensions; etc.
Miscellaneous Policy: Unclassifiable or unidentifiable votes; all votes concerned with internal organization of Congress; procedural motions.
Budget General Interest: Debt limit; budget targets; revenue sharing; unemployment insurance; tax rates; continuing appropriations; etc.
Budget Special Interest: Authorization/appropriations for agencies, departments; public works; subsidized housing; NSF; parks; food stamps; etc.
Regulation General Interest: General tariffs; minimum wage; gasoline rationing; auto emissions; water pollution; etc.
Regulation Special Interest: Union regulations; coal mine regulations; export/import controls; fish and wildlife; etc.
Domestic Social Policy: Abortion; school prayer; busing; criminal code and federal courts; immigration; gun control; Hatch Act; veterans preference; Legal Services Corporation; voting rights; slavery; etc.
Defense Policy Budget: Authorization/appropriations for military; military pensions.
Defense Policy Resolutions: Number of Army divisions; duties of officers; etc.
Foreign Policy Budget: Authorization/appropriations for State Department and international organizations; etc.
Foreign Policy Resolutions: Condemn/thank foreign nations; Taiwan relations; disapproval of apartheid; etc.
Government Organization: Setting up new agencies/bureaus/commissions; civil service regulations; government reorganization; Federal Election Commission; constitutional amendments; admission of States; census; etc.
Internal Organization: Election of Speaker; party ratios on committees; creating committees; procedural rules; disputed elections; congressional pay; etc.
Indian Affairs: Indian treaties; appropriations for Indian Department; Indian lands and reservations; etc.
D. C.: All votes dealing with the District of Columbia.