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Parties > Party 13

About the Democratic-Republican Party
Beginning in the Fourth Congress, political power had consolidated into two formal political parties: The Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party ("Jeffersonian Republicans"). The Democratic-Republican Party attracted members who had previously been identified with the Anti-Administration faction label, including Presidents James Madison and John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Federalists favored an active central government and the development of the national economy, while Democrat-Republicans favored a restrained government. The Democratic-Republican party earned large congressional majorities under Thomas Jefferson's presidency and outlasted the Federalist Party. This ushered in an era of transition where the major political divides in the country were factions of the Democratic-Republican party, leading to the turmoil of the Eighteenth and subsequent congresses. The presidential election of 1824 featured four major candidates, all Democrat-Republicans: John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford, and Henry Clay. Party labels during this time of transition mostly identify congressional representatives with the candidate that they supported in the election of 1824. The close election resulted in no candidate earning a majority of electoral votes, but after Henry Clay supported John Quincy Adams, Adams was ultimately elected. Supporters of this bloc in the House and Senate are subsequently labeled "Adams Supporters"; while supporters of Andrew Jackson's candidacy are subsequently labeled "Jackson Supporters"

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