Are you an academic or journalist interested in using NOMINATE data? Click here to download the data and learn how to use it.
After a nomination process that culminated in a public FBI investigation, Brett Kavanaugh was confirmed largely along party lines 50-48.
Explore current and historical political parties, map party control, and learn about polarization.
Learn the story of a place through the people that represented it through history
Under the direction of President John Adams, the Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1798, which made it a criminal offence to publish statements critical of the federal government. The first individual to be tried under the law was Rep. Matthew Lyon, who unsurprisingly had voted against its passage. Lyon was re-elected from jail.