Explore current and historical political parties, map party control, and learn about polarization.
Visualize the 115th House of Representatives and its members, compare it with the past
Under the direction of President John Adams, the Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1798, which made it a criminal offence to publish statements critical of the federal government. The first individual to be tried under the law was Rep. Matthew Lyon, who unsurprisingly had voted against its passage. Lyon was re-elected from jail.
Although President Johnson had earlier admitted the former Confederate States of America, Congress refused to seat their congressional delegations until passing HR1058 along party lines.
President Reagan's nominee for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Robert Bork, found his nomination defeated in the Senate. His name subsequently became a verb, meaning 'to attack or defeat a nominee unfairly through an organized campaign of harsh public criticism or vilification'.